In view of the ever increasing demand for petroleum and petrochemicals as energy resources and for consumption as commodity products a curriculum in the branches of Petroleum and Petrochemical engineering was evolved by the University of Pune. Maharashtra Institute of Technology takes pride in offering these high technology oriented professional degree courses to the young students aspiring for challenging career. Petroleum Engineering Education is conducted only at a few places in India with still lesser number have an experience more than twenty years. Over five hundred graduate and postgraduate students after passing out from this department have been serving the Petroleum Industry in India and abroad with great distinction.
In order to meet the present and future demand of trained and Quality Manpower in the area of Downstream Processes, Petrochemicals and Chemical Process Industry, MIT has been conducting a four year degree course (BE, Petrochemical), affiliated to the University of Pune, which is recognized as a University with potential for excellence. The Petrochemical Engineering department has excellent infrastructural facilities for training students in this interdisciplinary program. The students are trained by qualified, experienced and competent faculty, in an atmosphere which is highly conducive for Teaching-Learning process.
Because of this well designed and unique approach the students are fully equipped to take responsibilities in the Oil & Gas Sector and also in Fine Chemical Industry such as Pharmaceuticals, Agrochemicals, Polymers, Paints, Pigments, Dyes, Textile, Ceramics, Paper & Pulp and Food & Biotechnology related Industries. Having realized the importance of development of overall Personality, Character and Leadership Qualities, students are motivated for involvement in Co-curricular, Extra-curricular, Social and Adventure activities throughout the year. This helps in developing Winning Personalities capable of facing future challenges of Industry. The budding Petrochemical Engineers are developed as a special resource of Trained and Quality Manpower for Hydrocarbon Sector and CPI.
- B.E. Petrochemical Engineering Intake 30
- Duration: 4 years
- Entry requirements: 10 + 2 (H.S.C.)
2. PROGRAMMES & ADMISSIONS
- BE (Petrochemical Engineering)
BE (Petrochemical) is a four-year course of eight semesters (5 papers each) conducted and assessed by the University of Pune. The degree course in petrochemical Engineering has been structured in such a manner that it will meet the present and future requirements of the industry and the individuals. Petrochemical degree course at the University of Pune is a specialized chemical engineering course with emphasis on refining operations and petrochemical technology. The four year undergraduate program has full emphasis on all Core Chemical Engineering subjects such as Fluid Mechanics, Process Calculations, Heat Transfer, Mass Transfer and Chemical Reaction Engineering. Additional inputs are given to cover subjects such as Petrochemical Processes, Refinery Process Design and Refining Operations & Technology. So as to make this package all inclusive, subjects such as Fine Chemical Industry, Green Chemistry, Environmental Engineering & Process Modeling and Simulation have also been included. . So that a graduate be self sufficient with required Basics. Petrochemical engineering graduates therefore will be in a position to shoulder responsibilities in refineries, petrochemical plants as well as downstream petroleum industries.
Read More on Admission Procedure
Assignments and submission work given to the students are designed to extend and develop problem-solving skills and to help the learning process. Assessment is by theory examination of 100 marks per paper. Coursework, practical, journals and viva-voce are assessed for 1500 marks in total per year. Final assessment is by the University.
Natural sciences are the root of all technology. They are responsible for its creation, understanding and application. Petrochemical industry had its inception some 70 years ago with the production of Isopropyl alcohol from propylene. The word petrochemical is coined to describe chemicals obtained directly or indirectly from petroleum hydrocarbons and natural gas. The production of petrochemicals is one of the dominant industries of the developed countries and a driving force for developing economies.
With the advent of catalytic reforming, aromatic hydrocarbons have become available in large quantities from a stable source, namely crude oil and natural gas. Presently only six percent of a barrel of oil is utilized for the production of petrochemicals.
The three main routes to petrochemicals start with either synthesis gas (Syn Gas), Olefins, or BTX (Benzene, Toluene, and Xylene). These are raw materials for many petrochemical Intermediates and consumer products on a worldwide basis. 80% of the feedstock for petrochemicals originates from petroleum refinery gases and liquids, with natural gas as the second most important raw material.
The principal end-use products are:
• Synthetic Elastomers
• Plastics and Resins
• Synthetic Fibres and Films
• Detergents, Solvents, Paint, Varnishes and Plasticizers
• Agricultural Chemicals such as Fertilizers, Pesticides and Herbicides
• Automotive Chemicals Including Antifreeze Agents
• Specialty chemicals like cosmetics, perfumery etc. for production of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API), Coating, etc.
• New generation petrochemicals like emulsifier, floating agents.
Progress in Petrochemicals
The original, primary sources of raw materials for the organic chemical industry were coal, coal tar and other substances of animal or vegetable origin. After World War II, the demand for aromatics rose more rapidly and labor intensive enterprises was replaced by high capital-intensive automated plants, which are not so sensitive to labor costs. World War II also introduced the era of synthetic polymer substitutes for inorganic such as metals, glass and many other natural substances like leather, wood, rubber, fibers, waxes and gums. The rapid rise in demand for ammonia used in fertilizers was met by steam reforming of methane to produce synthesis gas for ammonia manufacture.
With the use of fully automated plants, the direct employment in these plants is reduced but the products coming out from these plants create new avenues of continued employment.
Due to skewed supply-demand patterns, the refineries are forced to process distillation residue to optimize production. Due to stringent environmental regulations, petroleum products have to be with low sulphur content. It is a challenging task before refiners. Trained engineers have to evolve and handle new technologies and also constantly improve upon them. A balance between both technological and engineering aspects of refinery operations is therefore taught in the course in view of the requirements of today and tomorrow.
About Petrochemicals and Petrochemical Engineering
The petrochemical industry in India started in 1960 & since then has grown thirty folds. It is still growing at a phenomenal rate and there are all indications that it will continue to expand at a faster rate, especially with increasing foreign direct investment and expansion of native capacity. To meet the industry’s need for trained manpower. MAEER’s MIT started a bachelor degree course in Petrochemical engineering in 1987. MIT is one of the few institutes in India to offer this unique course.
Petrochemical industry had its inception some 70 years ago with the production of isopropyl alcohol from propylene. The word petrochemical is coined to describe chemicals obtained directly or indirectly from petroleum hydrocarbons and natural gas. The production of petrochemicals is one of the dominant industries of the developed countries and a driving force and future goal for developing countries. With the advent of catalytic reforming, aromatic hydrocarbons have become available in large quantities from a stable source, namely crude oil and natural gas.
This has renewed interest in aromatics as petrochemical feedstock. Presently only six percent of a barrel of oil is utilized for the production of petrochemicals. Apart from Benzene, Toluene, and Xylene, Synthesis Gas obtained from coal or natural gas and Olefins obtained from thermal and catalytic cracking are raw materials for many petrochemical intermediates and consumer products on a worldwide basis. Eighty percent of the feedstock for petrochemicals originates from petroleum refinery gases and liquids, with natural gas as the second most important raw material.
Some features of petrochemical engineering course and the department are:
- M.I.T. is one of the few colleges in the country and the only college in Pune University to offer this unique course
- The course is recognized by the IIT’s, UICT, IISC (Bangalore), and other universities in India and abroad for admission to post graduation courses.
- Syllabus covers all hard-core Chemical Engineering subjects in addition to certain specialized courses in Petrochemical Processes and Refinery Operations.
- Intake for every academic year is 30 students.
- Final year projects in association with various chemical laboratories such as National Chemical Laboratory Pune, C-MET Pune, and other industries.
- Compulsory Inplant training after third year at renowned Chemical/Petrochemical Industries and refineries.
- Well-equipped laboratories and infrastructure
- Well-stocked library and membership of NCL, IIT (Mumbai), BCL Libraries.
- Computing facility with 50 PC’s, state of art industrially used design and simulation software and round the clock Internet.
Career Opportunities in Petrochemical Engineering
PETROTECH Chapter for Petrochemical Engineering students has been effectively carrying out interaction with the industry by conducting seminars, group discussions, lecture series etc. This programme is accredited to the National Board of Accreditation of the AICTE, New, Delhi. Chemical industry leaders such as PRAJ, HONEYWELL, TOYO, WIPRO, ESSAR, RELIANCE, GAIL, THERMAX, etc. employ pass outs from the department. Students are also employed in upstream sector of Petroleum exploration and Production. Newly established student chapter by Petrotech Society of India is expected to forge strong ties with the refining sector in the country that will help in improved placement in Petrochemical sector
Any other innovative practice introduced to improve the quality of technical education in the Department.
- Three tests and six assignments covering entire syllabus are conducted in every academic term. Assignments are given every fortnight and class tests are conducted once in a month.
- Experiments carried out during practicals are supported by relevant questions which help students prepare for the oral /practical exam.
- Product literature / catalogues related with subject are discussed.
- Industrial visits / field tours are arranged regularly to give an overview and practical exposure.
- The syllabus is covered in such a way that, the student develops necessary skills required by the industry. Communication skills are taught at second year and are checked along with their writing ability in the seminar, which is delivered in the second semester of third year.
- Question banks prepared to train the students for industry interviews. Assignments are often given based on these question banks. Question banks are designed to test the student’s ability to think laterally and to face open-ended technical questions. Questions are different from the ones typically asked in university examination.
- Maximum utilization of design and simulation software through classroom and laboratory assignments.
- Students are encouraged to participate in NCC and various social activities like Blood Donations etc that add the emotional input to the student.
- Faculty members conduct counseling of students very seriously. Meetings with the students are arranged frequently to discuss common and individual problems pertaining to academics and personal levels.
- Regular teaching, efforts to build confident personality capable of working in a team, individualized counseling and monitoring academic emotional and physical growth are the innovative practices adopted in the Department for the benefit of the students.
EXTRA CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES OF THE STUDENTS:
- The students are encouraged to participate in extra curricular activities including NCC, social activities like Blood donations and voluntary service to cancer patients at CIPLA Palliative Care and Training Center. They also work voluntarily at old-age home and orphanage. Many students have passed B and C certificate examinations of NCC. As a follow-up, some students have opted a career in Defence Forces.
- Flying Officer Dr S.Y Deshmukh, a core faculty member of this department has been organizing NCC activities in the institute since 1994. The entire department is actively supporting this activity
Final year project is one of the best opportunities for undergraduate students to learn more about the actual applications of basic concepts they have learnt. This also gives them an idea about R&D activities and Industry Defined Problems. Efforts are being made continuously to carry out these projects in collaboration with Refineries, Chemical Industries & research Institutes
Students must undertake some academic projects in two semesters and work their own topics and submit the report to the University. Their performance on these projects is also considered for their final assessment. Usually, final year projects are completed with help of Industries, National Laboratories etc. Some companies give sponsorship to BE projects in the form of reimbursement of actual expenditure and some stipend. Company facilities are made available to students during the project tenure.